T U ITIO N
B E G IN N E R 'S THEORY
APP EXTRA
D ow n lo ad the B a s s
app for extra co n te n t
ELLEN O'REILLY
ELLEN TELLS US WE PLAY
IT BEST, WHEN WE PLAY
NOTHING AT ALL
L
ast time we had a look at
how notes can be divided
up and counted. A quick
reminder: assuming we
are playing in 4/4 time, a
whole note lasts for four
beats (meaning you play one note
to last four beats), a half note lasts
for two beats (meaning you play
two notes lasting two beats each),
a quarter note lasts for one beat
(meaning you play four notes per
bar) and an eight note lasts for
two halves of a beat (meaning you
play eight notes per bar, playing
two notes on each beat of the
bar). These are also known as the
subdivisions of a beat. I include a
diagram of how these notes break
down, as follows:
These types of subdivisions are
what is known as simple meter
or simple time, which just means
that the notes can be split up in
such a way so that they are all
divided into equal parts. Think
how a cell divides, one divides
into two, and then the two both
divide into two (resulting in four
in total) and so on. There is a
new subdivision that I've added
to the table above which is called
a sixteenth note: here, you play
four notes per one beat in a bar,
which (in the case of a bar of four
EXAMPLE 1
——
i
/
я
_1
_ i i i 1
I
1
EXAMPLE 2
EXAMPLE 3
"A VERY IMPORTANT PART OF MUSIC IS ACTUALLY
WHAT YOU DON'T PLAY"
beats) leaves you with 16 notes, as four beats per bar, with four notes per beat, equals 16 notes per bar. Count
sixteenth notes as '1 E & A, 2 E & A, 3 E & A, 4 E & A' and so on.
As you can see in the diagram, each note divides into a smaller and smaller fraction. For every one of these
notes that is played, there is also a rest that goes with it. After all, we can't enjoy music properly if the music
we're listening to has no chance to breathe. In
Example 1
we have more subdivisions including sixteenth
notes, in
Example 2
we see the rest equivalents of these subdivisions.
When you see a rest, don't play for the duration of the value of that rest. This is something that a lot of
people don't really consider when it comes to playing music: a very important part of music is actually what
you don't play, and the space you leave for the song to breathe. Music needs rests and space as much as it
needs notes, after all, because it is most importantly about feel and emotion.
Example 3
mixes up both note
values and their rests for you to play and get comfortable with. Enjoy!
Music To Your Ears
NEW
Elixir
Bass 5trings • inspired by 4,000+ Bass Players
^ Ж " О О Я Е . ELIXIR. NANOWEB. POLYWEB. GREAT TONE LONG LIFE. *•*
>. end other designs
a
to
trademarks
of W. L. Gore & Associates. 02015 W. L Gore & Associates. Inc.
ELX-501 -AOV-CN-I
previous page 71 Bass Guitar 2015 Issue 119 July read online next page 73 Bass Guitar 2015 Issue 119 July read online Home Toggle text on/off