INTRODUCTION
TECHNIQUES
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BGM
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THE FOLLOWING IS A GUIDE TO THE NOTATION SYMBOLS AND TERMINOLOGY USED IN BASS GUITAR MAGAZINE
The Stave:
m ost m usic written for the bass guitar uses the bass clef. The
exam ple to the right sh o w s the placem ent of the notes on the stave.
Tablature
: this is a graphical representation of the m usic. Each horizontal
line corresponds with a string on the bass guitar, with the low est line
representing the low est pitched string (E). The num bers represent the frets
to be played. Num bers stacked vertically indicate notes that are played
together. W here ba sse s with five or six strings are required, the tablature
stave will have five or six lines as necessary.
Notes show n in brackets indicate that a note has been tied over from a previous bar.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
p l a y i n g
t e c h n i q u e s
SLAP AND pop TECHNIQUE
N otes slapped with the thum b are
m arked with a 't', notes popped
w ith the fingers m arked w ith a 'p'
^
°
------ Л ----------------------
ADVANCED SLAP TECHNIQUE
Fretting hand sla p s are m arked
'lh' and d o uble thum bing
u p stro ke s are sh o w n w ith an
upw ard pointing arrow
4
PLECTRUM TECHNIQUE
W here n ecessary, dow n and
upstrokes with the pick will be
show n using th ese sym b o ls
(down-up-down-up)
TAPPING TECHNIQUES
Fretting hand taps are show n with a
'+ ' in a circle. Picking hand taps are
show n with '+'. Specific fingers will
be show n with num bers if necessary
HAMMER-ON AND PULL-OFF
Ham m er-ons and pull-offs are
sho w n w ith a slur over the notes.
O nly the first note is plucked by
the picking hand
f r e t t i n g
t e c h n i q u e s
SLIDE (GLISSANDO)
Slid es are perform ed by playing
the first note then sliding the
fretting finger up to the seco nd
note
TRILLS
Trills are perform ed by rapidly
alternating betw een the tw o notes
show n using ham m er-ons and
pull-offs
v ib r a t o
Th e pitch of the note is altered
by rep eated ly bend in g the string
up and b ack w ith the fretting
finger
PLAYING HARMONICS
NATURAL h arm o n ics
Artificial HARMoNICS
The note is played as a harm onic
by lightly touching the string
above the fret indicated
Pluck the string while fretting the
lower note and placing the edge of
the picking hand thum b an octave
higher (the note show n in brackets)
b e n d i n g
n o t e s
bend
The note is bent upw ards to the
interval specified:
1/2
= sem itone,
full = tone
bend
a n d
r ele a s e
The note is bent up to the interval
indicated then released back to its
original pitch
BASS GUITAR m a g a zin e
059
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